Best answer: What is the difference between a trait and an allele?

What is the difference between allele and gene?

A gene is a unit of hereditary information. Except in some viruses, genes are made up of DNA, a complex molecule that codes genetic information for the transmission of inherited traits. Alleles are also genetic sequences, and they too code for the transmission of traits.

What is an example of an allele?

The definition of alleles are pairs or series of genes on a chromosome that determine the hereditary characteristics. An example of an allele is the gene that determines hair color. … Any of the alternative forms of a gene or other homologous DNA sequence.

What exactly is an allele?

An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene. An individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. … Though the term allele was originally used to describe variation among genes, it now also refers to variation among non-coding DNA sequences.

What is a recessive trait example?

Examples of Recessive Traits

For example, having a straight hairline is recessive, while having a widow’s peak (a V-shaped hairline near the forehead) is dominant. Cleft chin, dimples, and freckles are similar examples; individuals with recessive alleles for a cleft chin, dimples, or freckles do not have these traits.

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What is a trait in genetics?

Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In technical terms, a genetic trait is amenable to segregation analysis rather than quantitative analysis. A dominant lethal trait is a trait that is expressed if present in the genome and therefore precludes having descendants.

Is an allele A trait?

A single gene may consist of alternative forms known as alleles. Each allele consists of slight differences in their nucleotide sequence. … The main difference between allele and trait is that an allele is an alternative form of a particular gene whereas a trait is the character that is determined by the allele.

What’s a homozygous trait?

Homozygous is a genetic condition where an individual inherits the same alleles for a particular gene from both parents.

How do you explain alleles to a child?

Allele – While the section of DNA is called a gene, a specific pattern in a gene is called an allele. For example, the gene would determine the hair color. The specific pattern of the hair color gene that causes the hair to be black would be the allele. Each child inherits two genes for each trait from their parents.

Do all genes have 2 alleles?

Individual humans have two alleles, or versions, of every gene. Because humans have two gene variants for each gene, we are known as diploid organisms. The greater the number of potential alleles, the more diversity in a given heritable trait.

What does it mean when a trait is independent of another trait?

Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment states the inheritance of one pair of factors ( genes ) is independent of the inheritance of the other pair. If the two alleles are identical, the individual is called homozygous for the trait; if the two alleles are different, the individual is called heterozygous.

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What is an allele Class 10?

An allele is an alternative form of a gene. It is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome. These can be passed on from parents to offspring through sexual reproduction.

Are dimples a recessive trait?

Dimples—indentations on the cheeks—tend to occur in families, and this trait is assumed to be inherited. Dimples are usually considered a dominant genetic trait, which means that one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause dimples.

What makes an allele dominant or recessive?

Dominant refers to the relationship between two versions of a gene. Individuals receive two versions of each gene, known as alleles, from each parent. If the alleles of a gene are different, one allele will be expressed; it is the dominant gene. The effect of the other allele, called recessive, is masked.

What is an example of dominant allele?

Dominant alleles show their effect even if the individual only has one copy of the allele (also known as being heterozygous?). For example, the allele for brown eyes is dominant, therefore you only need one copy of the ‘brown eye’ allele to have brown eyes (although, with two copies you will still have brown eyes).