In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. In a more narrow sense, the term can be used to refer to the alleles, or variant forms of a gene, that are carried by an organism.
What is an example of genotype?
A gene encodes eye color. In this example, the allele is either brown, or blue, with one inherited from the mother, and the other inherited from the father. The brown allele is dominant (B), and the blue allele is recessive (b).
What is the genotype of an animal?
An animal’s genotype is its genetic make-up (think gen = genetic). Black is the phenotype of a calf with at least one black (B) allele. Red is the phenotype of a calf with two red (bb) alleles. Two calves may be the same phenotype and yet be different genotypes.
What are the genotypes of organisms determined by?
Genotype is the collection of genes responsible for the various genetic traits of a given organism. … Genotype is determined by the makeup of alleles, pairs of genes responsible for particular traits. An allele can be made up of two dominant genes, a dominant and a recessive gene, or two recessive genes.
What are the three possible genotypes of an organism?
There are three available genotypes, PP (homozygous dominant ), Pp (heterozygous), and pp (homozygous recessive).
What is genotype in plants?
The genotype of a plant is a word used describes the genetic make – up of the plant. The context that it is used depends upon whether it is being used to describe the whole genome, the DNA sequence of individual genes or a collection of scores at different genetic markers.
What is a genotype and give an example?
An organism’s genotype is its specific combination of alleles for a given gene. So, for example, in the pea plants above, the possible genotypes for the flower-color gene were red-red, red-white, and white-white. The phenotype is the physical manifestation of an organism’s allellic combination (genotype).
Do animals have genotype?
Genotype refers to the information contained in an animal’s DNA, or genetic material. An animal’s phenotype is the physical expression of its genotype. Although every creature is born with a fixed genotype, the phenotype is a variable influenced by many factors in the animal’s environment and development.
What is the genotype for black hair?
The genotype for black hair color is represented by the letter “B The genotype for blonde hair is represented by the letter “b.” You inherit two black alleles for hair color. You are considered for hair color: Homozygous recessive Homozygous dominant Hemizygous Heterozygous.
What’s your genotype?
Your genotype is your complete heritable genetic identity; it is your unique genome that would be revealed by personal genome sequencing. However, the word genotype can also refer just to a particular gene or set of genes carried by an individual.
How do you find a genotype?
A Punnett square is one of the simplest ways to determine genotype. The square is actually a mini-chart used to determine the potential genotype for an offspring with respect to particular trait.
Is BB a genotype or phenotype?
An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB. An organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele is said to have a heterozygous genotype. In our example, this genotype is written Bb.
Is AA a genotype?
What is a Genotype? … There are four hemoglobin genotypes (hemoglobin pairs/formations) in humans: AA, AS, SS and AC (uncommon). SS and AC are the abnormal genotypes or the sickle cells. We all have a specific pair of these hemoglobin in our blood which we inherited from both parents.
Can As marry as?
However, AS and AS should not marry because there is every chance of having a child with Sickle Cell Disease, while AS and SS shouldn’t think of marrying. And definitely, SS and SS must not marry since there’s absolutely no chance of escaping having a child with the sickle cell disease.
What is the genotype of white chicken?
2. In some chickens, the gene for feather color is controlled by codominance. The allele for black is B and the allele for white is W. The heterozygous phenotype is known as erminette.