How does Down syndrome affect a child’s physical development?

Children with Down Syndrome are usually delayed in all areas of their development, e.g. gross and fine motor skills, communication and learning. If learning and understanding are very delayed, this affects how a child learns to move from one position to another and causes a delay in physical skills as well.

How does Down syndrome affect physically?

Physical signs of Down syndrome can include: Short, stocky physical size, with a short neck. Poor muscle tone. Flattened facial features, especially the bridge of the nose.

How does Down syndrome affect physical development in adulthood?

People with Down syndrome are typically hyperflexible. Over the years they can put increased wear-and-tear on their large joints (hips, knees, etc.). This leads to increased risk of osteoarthritis. Adults who are overweight or who were previously overweight are at increased risk.

How does Down syndrome affect personal development?

Characteristic difficulties

Motor skills develop at a slower rate for children with Down syndrome than for those without. These delays in motor development reduce infants’ opportunities for exploring and learning about the world around them and therefore further affect cognitive development.

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What happens in the body to cause Down syndrome?

Down syndrome results when abnormal cell division involving chromosome 21 occurs. These cell division abnormalities result in an extra partial or full chromosome 21. This extra genetic material is responsible for the characteristic features and developmental problems of Down syndrome.

How does Down syndrome affect development and learning?

Learning difficulties

All children with Down’s syndrome suffer a degree of developmental difficulty; children with Down’s syndrome tend to develop slower than other children and they have trouble learning new concepts and retaining information.

How does Down syndrome affect behavior?

While the number of compulsive behaviors in children with Down syndrome is no different than those in typical children at the same mental age, the frequency and intensity of the behavior is often greater. Increased levels of restlessness and worry may lead the child or adult to behave in a very rigid manner.

How does Down syndrome impact cognition Ageing?

In particular, the most important ailment of DS persons is the accelerated cognitive decline that starts when they reach about 40 years of age. This decline can be at least in part counteracted by multi‐systemic approaches including early‐onset cognitive training, physical activity, and psychosocial assistance.

How does Down syndrome affect quality of life?

Children with Down syndrome have a higher incidence of infection, respiratory, vision and hearing problems as well as thyroid and other medical conditions. However, with appropriate medical care most children and adults with Down syndrome can lead healthy lives.

Is Down syndrome a physical disability?

Down syndrome (also known as trisomy 21) is a genetic condition in which the person has an extra copy of chromosome 21. This additional chromosome causes some level of intellectual disability and can cause a number of physical and developmental characteristics.

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What happens to Down syndrome adults?

People with Down syndrome also tend to get age-related health problems earlier than others. This includes dementia, memory loss, and problems with judgment or changes in personality that are similar to Alzheimer’s disease.

How does Down syndrome affect the brain?

We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.

Did you know facts about Down syndrome?

One in every 691 babies in the U.S. is born with Down syndrome, making it the most common chromosomal condition. There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the U.S. In 1983, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome was a mere 25-years-old. Today, it’s 60.