The missing or altered X chromosome of Turner syndrome causes errors during fetal development and other developmental problems after birth — for example, short stature, ovarian insufficiency and heart defects. Physical characteristics and health complications that arise from the chromosomal error vary greatly.
How does Turner syndrome affect daily life?
Girls with Turner syndrome usually have normal intelligence, but some may have learning problems, particularly in math. Many also struggle with tasks requiring spatial skills, such as map reading or visual organization. Hearing problems are more common in girls with TS.
How does Turner syndrome affect the family?
Conclusion: Parents of girls with Turner’s syndrome frequently find it difficult to cope emotionally with the fact that their child has this disorder, and with the problems regarding their daughter’s linguistic and motor development and subnormal social skills.
What is it like living with Turner syndrome?
What is the long-term outlook for people with Turner syndrome? The long-term outlook ( prognosis ) for people with Turner syndrome is typically good. Life expectancy is slightly shorter than average but may be improved by addressing and treating associated chronic illnesses, such as obesity and hypertension .
What are the long-term effects of Turner syndrome?
Affected women are susceptible to a number of medical problems, including cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and other endocrine, gastrointestinal, and renal disorders. Women with TS need long-term follow-up so that early medical intervention may reduce morbidity and improve life expectancy.
Why does Turner syndrome only affect females?
The condition only occurs in females. Most commonly, a female with Turner syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Others may have 2 X chromosomes, but one of them is incomplete. Sometimes, a female has some cells with 2 X chromosomes, but other cells have only 1.
Does Turner syndrome affect the brain?
Turner syndrome (TS) results from the absence of an X chromosome in females. This genetic condition is associated with specific cognitive deficits and variations in brain volumes.
What body systems are affected by Turner syndrome?
About 30 percent of females with Turner syndrome have extra folds of skin on the neck (webbed neck ), a low hairline at the back of the neck , puffiness or swelling (lymphedema ) of the hands and feet, skeletal abnormalities, or kidney problems.
Does Turner syndrome affect males?
Most females have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XX, and most males have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XY. In Turner syndrome, which only affects females, there is a partially or completely missing X chromosome.
Can a woman with Turner syndrome get pregnant?
It is caused by a random error that leads to a missing X chromosome in the sperm or egg of a parent. Very few pregnancies in which the fetus has Turner Syndrome result in live births. Most end in early pregnancy loss. Most women with Turner syndrome cannot get pregnant naturally.
Is Turner Syndrome life threatening?
The heart defects associated with some cases of Turner syndrome can increase the risk of severe, life-threatening complications including high blood pressure of the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary hypertension) or aortic dissection, a condition in which there is a tear in the inner wall of the aorta.
What is Turner kitchen?
A turner has a broad, flat head attached to a handle. As the name implies, a turner is used to turn or flip things. For example, you flip burgers on the grill with a turner that is often called a spatula. Because these tools are so often used in cooking, they often come in high heat varieties.
Are people with Turner syndrome smart?
Learning Challenges With Turner Syndrome
Many females with TS are just as smart as others, but might learn differently. Some learning challenges that come with TS include: Difficulty concentrating, especially on tasks that require paying attention for a long time. Nonverbal abilities, such as making eye contact.
How long does someone with Turner syndrome live?
Outlook / Prognosis
The prognosis, or outlook, for women with Turner syndrome (TS) is usually good. Life expectancy for Turner syndrome might be slightly shorter, but by testing for and treating the conditions that come with TS, women with TS can expect to live essentially normal lives.
Can Turner syndrome be detected before birth?
Turner syndrome may be suspected by prenatal cell-free DNA screening or certain features may be detected on prenatal ultrasound screening. Prenatal diagnostic testing can confirm the diagnosis.