Listen to pronunciation. (HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
What is a heterozygous genotype example?
Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.
What is the genotype of two heterozygous?
The expected genotype ratio when two heterozygotes are crossed is 1 (homozygous dominant) : 2 (heterozygous) : 1 (homozygous recessive). … The heterozygotes have a phenotype distinct from normal cats.
What is the genotype of a heterozygous female?
In females, the presence of one dominant red encoding allele (XW) will produce red eyes even if the individual is heterozygous for the white allele. Females can be: … Heterozygous – genotype XWXw; phenotype: red eyes. Homozygous recessive with two white encoding alleles – genotype XwXw; phenotype white eyes.
What is the genotype of a heterozygous fly?
However, a fly that has a normal body color may have the homozygous genotype EE or the heterozygous genotype Ee. … In its simplest form, a test cross is an experimental cross of an individual organism of dominant phenotype but unknown genotype and an organism with a homozygous recessive genotype (and phenotype).
Which is heterozygous AA AA or AA?
Homozygous means that both copies of a gene or locus match while heterozygous means that the copies do not match. Two dominant alleles (AA) or two recessive alleles (aa) are homozygous. One dominant allele and one recessive allele (Aa) is heterozygous.
What is my genotype?
In a nutshell: your genotype is your complete heritable genetic identity; the sum total of genes transmitted from parent to offspring. There are four hemoglobin genotypes (hemoglobin pairs/formations) in humans: AA, AS, SS and AC (uncommon). SS and AC are the abnormal genotypes or the sickle cells.
What are the 3 types of genotypes?
There are three types of genotypes: homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive, and hetrozygous.
What is the term genotype?
A genotype is an individual’s collection of genes. The term also can refer to the two alleles inherited for a particular gene. … The expression of the genotype contributes to the individual’s observable traits, called the phenotype.
What is a genotype example?
A gene encodes eye color. In this example, the allele is either brown, or blue, with one inherited from the mother, and the other inherited from the father. The brown allele is dominant (B), and the blue allele is recessive (b).
What is the genotype of the husband?
The genotypes of a husband and Wife are IAIB and IA i .
What is the genotypes of the male?
When a sperm carrying the Y chromosome fertilizes an egg, the resulting embryo has a genotype of XY and will be a male. With rare exceptions, all other embryos will be XX or female. Although the Y chromosome codes for a male, the X chromosome is vital for normal human development.
What is the genotype of the male parent?
The male parent is heterozygous which means he has one allele for black eyes and one allele for red eyes. Since his eyes are black, this means that black allele must be dominant over the red allele. So the male parents genotype is “Bb” (B= allele for black eye, b=allele for red eye).
How do you determine genotypes?
A Punnett square is one of the simplest ways to determine genotype. The square is actually a mini-chart used to determine the potential genotype for an offspring with respect to particular trait.
Is PP genotype or phenotype?
Predicting Offspring Phenotypes
Only offspring with the pp genotype will have the white-flower phenotype. Therefore, in this cross, you would expect three out of four (75 percent) of the offspring to have purple flowers and one out of four (25 percent) to have white flowers.
What is the genotype of the male female?
Most people have either two X chromosomes (genotypic female) or an X and a Y chromosome (genotypic male). Phenotypic sex refers to an individual’s sex as determined by their internal and external genitalia, expression of secondary sex characteristics, and behavior.