What is allele in biology?

What is the definition of alleles in biology?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. … Alleles contribute to the organism’s phenotype, which is the outward appearance of the organism. Some alleles are dominant or recessive.

What is allele in biology example?

Alleles are different forms of the same gene. … An example of alleles for flower color in pea plants are the dominant purple allele, and the recessive white allele; for height they are the dominant tall allele and recessive short allele; for pea color, they are the dominant yellow allele and recessive green allele.

What is allele and give example?

The definition of alleles are pairs or series of genes on a chromosome that determine the hereditary characteristics. An example of an allele is the gene that determines hair color. … In almost all animal cells, two alleles for each gene are inherited, one from each parent.

What is the meaning of allele?

allele, also called allelomorph, any one of two or more genes that may occur alternatively at a given site (locus) on a chromosome. … If the paired alleles are the same, the organism’s genotype is said to be homozygous for that trait; if they are different, the organism’s genotype is heterozygous.

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What is the function of alleles?

Alleles are different forms of the same gene which are located on the same part of the chromosome. Genes are made up of information needed to produce different proteins, so alleles carry information to produce different versions of the same protein.

What is allele very short answer?

Alleles are also genetic sequences, and they too code for the transmission of traits. … The short answer is that an allele is a variant form of a gene. Explained in greater detail, each gene resides at a specific locus (location on a chromosome) in two copies, one copy of the gene inherited from each parent.

Is TT an allele?

If an organism has two different alleles (Tt) for a certain gene, it is known as heterozygous (hetero means different).

Genotype and Phenotype.

Genotype Definition Example
Heterozygous One dominant allele and one recessive allele Tt
Homozygous dominant Two dominant alleles TT

What is difference between genes and alleles?

Gene is defined as a section of DNA that encodes for a certain trait. An allele is defined as a variant form of a gene. It determines an organism’s genotype. It determines an organism’s phenotype.

What is an allele Class 10?

An allele is an alternative form of a gene. It is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome. These can be passed on from parents to offspring through sexual reproduction.

How do you explain alleles to a child?

Allele – While the section of DNA is called a gene, a specific pattern in a gene is called an allele. For example, the gene would determine the hair color. The specific pattern of the hair color gene that causes the hair to be black would be the allele. Each child inherits two genes for each trait from their parents.

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Where is the allele?

Each allele occupies a specific region on the chromosome called a gene locus. The gene’s two alleles are located in the same region in two homologous chromosomes, one inherited from each parent. The alleles may be dominant or recessive.