What is another term for gametes?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome.

What is another name for gametes?

What is another word for gamete?

sex cell zygote
egg ovum
egg cell oosphere
seed spore
megagamete germ cell

Are gametes another name for chromosomes?

Haploid describes a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes. The term haploid can also refer to the number of chromosomes in egg or sperm cells, which are also called gametes. Other organisms, like male ants, live as haploid organisms throughout their life cycle. …

What is in a gamete?

A gamete is the mature reproductive or sex cell that contains a haploid number of chromosomes (i.e., 50% of the genetic material or only one set of dissimilar chromosomes) and is capable of fusing with another haploid reproductive cell to form a diploid zygote.

What is a gamete simple definition?

gamete, sex, or reproductive, cell containing only one set of dissimilar chromosomes, or half the genetic material necessary to form a complete organism (i.e., haploid). … During fertilization, male and female gametes fuse, producing a diploid (i.e., containing paired chromosomes) zygote.

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Are germ cells and gametes the same?

Germ cells are cells that create reproductive cells called gametes. Germ cells are located only in the gonads and are called oogonia in females and spermatogonia in males. In females, they are found in the ovaries and in males, in the testes. During oogenesis, germ cells divide to produce ova, or eggs, in females.

What do you call the gametes of plants?

Share 1 Follow1. Certified by MeritNation Expert. Swastik Mozumder, added an answer, on 27/2/16. Swastik Mozumder answered this. Male gamete in plant is called pollen grain that contains two sperm nuclei and female gamete is called ovule that contains egg cell and two polar nuclei.

Is gametes mitosis or meiosis?

Gametes are produced by mitosis (not meiosis) and after fertilization a diploid zygote is created. The single zygote cell never grows or divides my mitosis. It can only divide by meiosis to produce haploid cells once more, which then produce the main adult body.

What best describes a gamete?

A male or female reproductive cell that contains half the genetic information for an organism. In humans the gametes are the sperm and egg cells.

Why gametophyte is called so?

The gametophyte is the sexual phase in the life cycle of plants and algae. It develops sex organs that produce gametes, haploid sex cells that participate in fertilization to form a diploid zygote which has a double set of chromosomes.

What does the term somatic cells mean?

A somatic cell is any cell of the body except sperm and egg cells. Somatic cells are diploid, meaning that they contain two sets of chromosomes, one inherited from each parent. Mutations in somatic cells can affect the individual, but they are not passed on to offspring.

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What is a gamete child definition?

Kids Encyclopedia Facts. A gamete is a specialized sex cell that fuses with another gamete during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce sexually. Gametes are produced by germ cells.

What is gamete formation answer in one sentence?

Gamete formation is a process in which haploid gametes are formed by meiotic division.