What is meant by an allele in biology?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. … Alleles can also refer to minor DNA sequence variations between alleles that do not necessarily influence the gene’s phenotype.

What is a simple definition of an allele?

allele, also called allelomorph, any one of two or more genes that may occur alternatively at a given site (locus) on a chromosome. Alleles may occur in pairs, or there may be multiple alleles affecting the expression (phenotype) of a particular trait.

What is allele very short answer?

Alleles are also genetic sequences, and they too code for the transmission of traits. … The short answer is that an allele is a variant form of a gene. Explained in greater detail, each gene resides at a specific locus (location on a chromosome) in two copies, one copy of the gene inherited from each parent.

Which is a good definition of allele?

An allele is one of a pair of genes that appear at a particular location on a particular chromosome and control the same characteristic, such as blood type or color blindness. Alleles are also called alleleomorphs.

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What is allele and give example?

The definition of alleles are pairs or series of genes on a chromosome that determine the hereditary characteristics. An example of an allele is the gene that determines hair color. … In almost all animal cells, two alleles for each gene are inherited, one from each parent.

What is an allele and what is its function?

Alleles are different forms of the same gene which are located on the same part of the chromosome. Genes are made up of information needed to produce different proteins, so alleles carry information to produce different versions of the same protein.

Do all genes have 2 alleles?

Individual humans have two alleles, or versions, of every gene. Because humans have two gene variants for each gene, we are known as diploid organisms. The greater the number of potential alleles, the more diversity in a given heritable trait.

WHAT IS A allele Class 10?

An allele is an alternative form of a gene. It is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome. These can be passed on from parents to offspring through sexual reproduction.

What are alleles in biology class 12?

Alleles are a pair of genes that occupy a specific location on a particular chromosome and control the same trait. Alleles may appear in pairs or in multiple forms of alleles, which affect a specific trait of the offspring. Locus is the location where a gene is found on a chromosome.

What is the difference between allele and genotype?

Different forms of a gene are called alleles. … Individuals who have two copies of the same allele are said to be homozygous at that locus. Individuals who receive different alleles from each parent are said to be heterozygous at that locus. The alleles an individual has at a locus is called a genotype.

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What words describe alleles?

Scientific definitions for allele

Paired alleles (one on each of two paired chromosomes) that are the same are called homozygous, and those that are different are called heterozygous. In heterozygous pairings, one allele is usually dominant, and the other recessive.

Is an allele A homozygous genotype?

The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.

What is the relationship between gene and allele?

A gene is a portion of DNA that determines a certain trait. An allele is a specific form of a gene. Genes are responsible for the expression of traits. Alleles are responsible for the variations in which a given trait can be expressed.

How do you explain alleles to a child?

Allele – While the section of DNA is called a gene, a specific pattern in a gene is called an allele. For example, the gene would determine the hair color. The specific pattern of the hair color gene that causes the hair to be black would be the allele. Each child inherits two genes for each trait from their parents.

Is TT an allele?

If an organism has two different alleles (Tt) for a certain gene, it is known as heterozygous (hetero means different).

Genotype and Phenotype.

Genotype Definition Example
Heterozygous One dominant allele and one recessive allele Tt
Homozygous dominant Two dominant alleles TT

Where is the allele?

Each allele occupies a specific region on the chromosome called a gene locus. The gene’s two alleles are located in the same region in two homologous chromosomes, one inherited from each parent. The alleles may be dominant or recessive.

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