What is the relationship between gametes and genes?

During meiosis, chromosome pairs are split apart and distributed into cells called gametes. Each gamete contains a single copy of every chromosome, and each chromosome contains one allele for every gene. Therefore, each allele for a given gene is packaged into a separate gamete.

What is the relationship between genes and chromosomes?

Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes. Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus.

Do gametes have linked genes?

Instead of assorting independently, the genes tend to “stick together” during meiosis. That is, the alleles of the genes that are already together on a chromosome will tend to be passed as a unit to gametes. In this case, the genes are linked.

What is difference between DNA and genes?

DNA is the molecule that is the hereditary material in all living cells. Genes are made of DNA, and so is the genome itself. A gene consists of enough DNA to code for one protein, and a genome is simply the sum total of an organism’s DNA.

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Which best describes the structural relationship between genes chromosomes and DNA?

Which of the following best describes the structural relationship between genes, chromosomes and DNA? Each chromosome consists of a single long DNA molecule, and each gene on the chromosome is a particular segment of that DNA.

What are gametes?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome. … These cells develop into sperm or ova.

Is PP genotype or phenotype?

Predicting Offspring Phenotypes

Only offspring with the pp genotype will have the white-flower phenotype. Therefore, in this cross, you would expect three out of four (75 percent) of the offspring to have purple flowers and one out of four (25 percent) to have white flowers.

Are the genes linked?

Genes on separate chromosomes are never linked (center). But not all genes on a chromosome are linked. Genes that are farther away from each other are more likely to be separated during a process called homologous recombination (right).

What do you mean by nucleotides?

A nucleotide is the basic building block of nucleic acids. RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base.

What is RNA vs DNA?

DNA and RNA perform different functions in humans. DNA is responsible for storing and transferring genetic information, while RNA directly codes for amino acids and acts as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes to make proteins.

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What is the relationship among DNA and gene and chromosome?

Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes. Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus.

Which of these statements best explains the relationship between chromosomes and DNA?

Which of these statements best explains the relationship between chromosomes and DNA? DNA is a structure made of cells and is located within chromosomes. … Chromosomes are structures made of cells and are located within DNA.

Which of the following best describes a structural similarity between DNA and RNA that is relevant to their function?

Question: What best describes a structural similarity between RNA and DNA relevant to their function? 2- both structures contain nucleotide, that for base pairs with other nucleotide,which allows each molecule to act as a template in the synthesis of other nucleic acid molecules.