What is true for both meiosis II and mitosis?
The answer is D. Meiosis involves 2 rounds of cell division; mitosis involves one. Meiosis gives rise to 4 daughter cells; mitosis gives rise to 2. The 2 daughter cells of mitosis are identical to each other; the 4 daughter cells of meiosis are different from each other and different from the cell that produced them.
How is mitosis and meiosis II similar?
The mechanics of meiosis II is similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
Which of the following applies to both meiosis and mitosis?
Which of the following occur in both mitosis and meiosis? Explanation: The separation of sister chromatids is the only item of the answer choices that occurs in both mitosis and meiosis. Prophase II and metaphase II only occur in meiosis, as does recombination between homologous chromosomes.
What happens in both mitosis and meiosis quizlet?
The fundamental sequence of events in mitosis is the same as in meiosis (in meiosis it happens twice). Both processes include the breakdown of the nuclear membrane, the separation of genetic material into two groups, followed by cell division and the reformation of the nuclear membrane in each cells.
Which is true about mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis produces two diploid (2n) somatic cells that are genetically identical to each other and the original parent cell, whereas meiosis produces four haploid (n) gametes that are genetically unique from each other and the original parent (germ) cell.
What is true of the spindle during mitosis and meiosis?
Spindle fibers form a protein structure that divides the genetic material in a cell. The spindle is necessary to equally divide the chromosomes in a parental cell into two daughter cells during both types of nuclear division: mitosis and meiosis. During mitosis, the spindle fibers are called the mitotic spindle.
Is meiosis I or meiosis II more similar to mitosis?
When the tetrad is broken up and the homologous chromosomes move to opposite poles, the ploidy level is reduced from two to one. For this reason, meiosis I is referred to as a reduction division. There is no such reduction in ploidy level during mitosis. Meiosis II is much more similar to a mitotic division.
Which is most similar to mitosis meiosis I or meiosis II?
Meiosis I and II are similar in some aspects, including the number and arrangement of their phases and the production of two cells from a single cell. However, they also differ greatly, with meiosis I being reductive division and meiosis II being equational division. In this way, meiosis II is more similar to mitosis.
What are the major differences between mitosis and meiosis 1 and 2?
Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. The division of a cell occurs once in mitosis but twice in meiosis. Two daughter cells are produced after mitosis and cytoplasmic division, while four daughter cells are produced after meiosis.
What are 4 similarities between mitosis and meiosis?
The similarities between mitosis and meiosis are as follows:
- Mitosis and meiosis take place in the cell nuclei.
- Both involve cell division.
- Both the processes occur in the M-phase of the cell cycle.
- In both cycles, the stages are common – metaphase, anaphase, telophase and prophase.
- Synthesis of DNA occurs in both.
Which statement best describes the outcomes of both meiosis and mitosis?
Which statement best describes the outcomes of both meiosis and mitosis? Cell division results in daughter cells that contain DNA. Each daughter cell has two complete sets of chromosomes. Within a cell, two chromosomes pair up and exchange segments of genetic material.
What two events that are common to both mitosis and meiosis that ensure the resulting daughter cells inherit the appropriate number of chromosomes?
a. Describe two events that are common in both mitosis and meiosis that ensure the resulting daughter cells inherit the appropriate number of chromosomes. a. Two events that are common to both mitosis and meiosis are the G2/Monday checkpoint and that DNA Synthesis occurs during interphase.
Which description best contrasts meiosis and mitosis quizlet?
Both mitosis and meiosis produce daughter cells. Both mitosis and meiosis have the “PMAT” stages (which stand for Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase). – Mitosis has only one round of cell division, while meiosis has two. – Mitosis only occurs in somatic (body) cells, while meiosis occurs in sex cells.
Which process occurs in the cell cycle before both mitosis and meiosis?
The S phase of a cell cycle occurs during interphase, before mitosis or meiosis, and is responsible for the synthesis or replication of DNA. In this way, the genetic material of a cell is doubled before it enters mitosis or meiosis, allowing there to be enough DNA to be split into daughter cells.