Your question: What aspects of speech language are affected with children who have Down syndrome?

Children with Down syndrome often have anatomical and physiological differences in the mouth and throat region that affect feeding, swallowing, and oral motor skills. 2These differences include low facial muscle tone, a small oral cavity with a relatively large tongue, and a narrow, high-arched palate.

How does Down syndrome affect speech and language?

Spoken language is delayed relative to cognitive development – Most children with Down syndrome develop spoken language skills more slowly than their non-verbal mental abilities. They have therefore been described as having a specific speech and language delay.

How does Down syndrome affect speech production?

Children with Down syndrome typically have a delay in language acquisition and vocalization. They may not begin to speak until they are between 24 to 36 months old, as opposed to between 10 to 18 months for a child without DS. Children with DS also typically have difficulty with the rules of grammar.

How can a child speech language and communication difficulties affect their development in general?

If a child or young person has difficulties with speech, language and communication, they are more likely to have difficulty in developing reading and writing skills, have behaviour difficulties and difficulty in forming friendships and making social connections.

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Why do people with Down syndrome have speech issues?

Oral-motor skills

Speech production of individuals with Down syndrome may be related to differences in oral structure and function (Miller & Leddy, 1998; Stoel-Gammon, 1997). Structural differences include a small oral cavity with a relatively large tongue and a narrow, high arched palate.

Does Down syndrome affect language?

Most children with Down syndrome seem to have considerably more difficulty in learning the grammar and syntax of the language than with learning lexical items. Most children with Down syndrome show specific productive delays, first in being able to say single words and then in being able to produce sequences of words.

Is Down syndrome a speech or language disorder?

Children with Down syndrome have specific impairment in the phonological loop component of working memory relative to their non-verbal abilities, and this is now thought to be a major cause of their speech and language difficulties.

What does speech therapy do for Down syndrome?

Treatment for Down Syndrome

Physicians are able to address any ear, nose, and throat conditions that arise, while SLPs create and deliver a specialized language-based curriculum to support the child’s learning.

What are the language disorders?

Children who have a language disorder have trouble understanding language and communicating. There are 2 kinds of language disorders: receptive and expressive. Children often have both at the same time. A child with a receptive language disorder has trouble understanding words that they hear and read.

How does language affect a child?

The ability to analyze ideas, even basic ones, such as hot versus cold depends on language. … Through language, children make sense of experiences and the world around them. In fact, language is the foundation for most learning—whether it is factual knowledge, social skills, moral development, or physical achievement.

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How does speech and language affect Behaviour?

The feelings of frustration and confusion that can arise from speech and language difficulties can result in behaviour problems. Children may either vent their frustration and anger in very obvious ways or become very quiet and withdrawn when they feel the act of communication is too difficult to keep on trying.

How can language differences difficulties affect a child’s emotional development?

“Delayed receptive language is very strongly associated with delays in learning in school, and getting behind in school is a huge risk for emotional problems and poor self-esteem,” Feinstein says. “This important and sound new study shows that it also affects how well these kids do in life.”