1) Somatic cells undergo mitosis whereas gamete cells undergo meiosis. Mitosis takes place throughout the lifetime of an organism.
What types of cells undergo meiosis?
Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, the germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg). The development of a new progeny organism is then initiated by the fusion of these gametes at fertilization.
Do cells undergo both mitosis and meiosis?
Both haploid and diploid cells can undergo mitosis. … During meiosis, a diploid germ cell undergoes two cell divisions to produce four haploid gamete cells (e.g., egg or sperm cells), which are genetically distinct from the original parent cell and contain half as many chromosomes.
What type of cells go undergo mitosis?
Three types of cells in the body undergo mitosis. They are somatic cells, adult stem cells, and the cells in the embryo. Somatic cells – Somatic cells are the regular cells in the body of multicellular organisms.
What types of cells undergo mitosis and which undergo meiosis quizlet?
Both diploid and haploid cells can undergo mitosis. … In meiosis, however, you start with a diploid cell that divides twice to produce four haploid cells.
Do bone cells undergo mitosis?
One of the key characteristics of osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts is that they do not undergo mitosis. … Osteogenic cells, however, can undergo mitosis. Osteogenic cells are cells that differentiate into osteoblasts. Once differentiated, the osteogenic cells can no longer undergo mitosis.
What occurs in both mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis and meiosis both involve duplication of a cell’s DNA content. Each strand of DNA, or chromosome, is replicated and remains joined, resulting in two sister chromatids for each chromosome. A common goal of mitosis and meiosis is to split the nucleus and its DNA content between two daughter cells.
What type of cells do not undergo mitosis?
Skin cells, red blood cells or gut lining cells cannot undergo mitosis. Stem cells do divide by mitosis and this makes them very important for replacing lost or damaged specialized cells. What is a stem cell? Stem cells are different from other cells of the body because stem cells can both: 1.
Why do somatic cells undergo mitosis?
In multicellular organisms, somatic (body) cells undergo mitosis to provide new cells for growth or to replace cells that have been damaged and died.
Do bacterial cells undergo mitosis?
In bacterial cells, the genome consists of a single, circular DNA chromosome; therefore, the process of cell division is simplified. Mitosis is unnecessary because there is no nucleus or multiple chromosomes. This type of cell division is called binary fission.