We identify three major ethical considerations that have been implicated in whole-genome research: the return of research results to participants; the obligations, if any, that are owed to participants’ relatives; and the future use of samples and data taken for whole-genome sequencing.
What are some potential ethical problems with having the whole genome sequenced select all that apply?
it has the potential to impact personal privacy. which is a social concern about whole genome sequencing? it could result in discrimination, preventing some people from getting jobs or loans.
What are some of the ethical dilemmas associated with genome research?
Issues of privacy, confidentiality, informed consent, and return of results represent the primary ethical concerns that IRBs and investigators must struggle with in designing and reviewing studies involving the use of genetic information.
What are the challenges of genome sequencing?
Sequencing human genomes on these platforms, however, presents numerous production and bioinformatics challenges. Production issues like sample contamination, library chimaeras and variable run quality have become increasingly problematic in the transition from technology development lab to production floor.
What are the ethical implications of the Human genome Project?
Tests should not be ordered by third parties and patients should not be coerced into testing without their free informed consent. Consent for testing in children can be provided by their parents, but children should not be subjected to predictive testing for diseases of adult onset, such as Huntington disease.
Is whole genome sequencing ethical?
There are a number of well-recognized ethical concerns about large-scale genomic biorepositories, including (1) the initial consent process, (2) concerns about privacy and confidentiality, and (3) reconsent for further studies or at the time when a child turns 18 years old.
What are the ethical issues with genetic engineering?
During the development of the CCAC guidelines on: genetically- engineered animals used in science, some key ethical issues, including animal welfare concerns, were identified: 1) invasiveness of procedures; 2) large numbers of animals required; 3) unanticipated welfare concerns; and 4) how to establish ethical limits …
What are 3 ethical issues with the Human Genome Project?
The original issues identified in the ELSI program announcement were: questions of fairness in the use of genetic information; the impact of genetic information on individuals; privacy and confidentiality of genetic information; the impact of the HGP on genetic counseling; the impact of genetic information on …
What is the issue problem with Human Genome Project?
Presymptomatic testing, carrier screening, workplace genetic screening, and testing by insurance companies pose significant ethical problems. Second, the burgeoning ability to manipulate human genotypes and phenotypes raises a number of important ethical questions.
What ethical dilemmas are associated with genetic testing and genetic engineering?
Three of the ethical dilemmas were encountered by over half of the respondents: testing at 25% risk (encountered by 71 respondents (71.0%)); requests for predictive genetic testing of mature minors (encountered by 68 respondents (67.3%)), and nondisclosure of genetic status to at-risk relatives (encountered by 63 …
What is the most challenging issue facing genome sequencing?
The following challenges are most difficult in genome sequencing. The inability to develop fast and accurate sequencing techniques, the ethics of using information from genomes at the individual level and the availability and stability of DNA.
What is the greatest challenge faced by genome sequencing?
The biggest challenge facing genomic researchers and clinicians is limited resources. As a result, genomic tools, specifically genome sequencing technologies, which are rapidly becoming indispensable, are not widely available.
Why is genome sequencing difficult?
Repeat sequences are difficult to assemble since high-identity reads could come from different portions of the genome, generating gaps, ambiguities and collapses in alignment and assembly, which, in turn, can produce biases and errors when interpreting results.
What are the risks and ethical concerns surrounding gene therapy?
The ethical questions surrounding gene therapy include:
- How can “good” and “bad” uses of gene therapy be distinguished?
- Who decides which traits are normal and which constitute a disability or disorder?
- Will the high costs of gene therapy make it available only to the wealthy?
What are some ethical issues that surround DNA sequencing?
We have identified three major ethical considerations that must be addressed in research involving human whole-genome sequencing or the acquisition of large amounts of genome sequence data: the circumstances under which research results are disclosed to research participants; the obligations, if any, that are owed to …
What are ethical issues Name different ethical issues?
Fundamental ethical issues in business include promoting conduct based on integrity and trust, but more complex issues include accommodating diversity, empathetic decision-making, and compliance and governance that is consistent with the organization’s core values.