Frequent question: Which statement describes the relationship between DNA molecules and chromosomes?

What is the relationship between DNA and chromosomes?

The chromosomes serve as the structure that holds the DNA. The DNA acts as a complete set of instructions that tells our bodies how to develop. Storing more data than any computer, each chromosome contains all the information needed to give you a base for your physical (and emotional) characteristics.

What is the relationship between DNA and chromosomes quizlet?

Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes. Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus.

Which statement describes the relationship between genes DNA and chromosomes?

The correct answer is a) genes, the basic unit of heredity, are located on chromosomes, which consist of strands of DNA.

Which of the following best describes the structural relationship between genes chromosomes and DNA?

Which of the following best describes the structural relationship between genes, chromosomes and DNA? Each chromosome consists of a single long DNA molecule, and each gene on the chromosome is a particular segment of that DNA.

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What is relationship between a gene and a DNA molecule?

Structure of DNA

A chromosome contains many genes. A gene is a segment of DNA that provides the code to construct a protein. The DNA molecule is a long, coiled double helix that resembles a spiral staircase.

What is the relationship between DNA chromosomes and chromatin?

Chromatin is a substance within a chromosome consisting of DNA and protein. The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus.

What is the difference between a chromosome and a DNA molecule quizlet?

The difference between a chromosome and DNA

A chromosome is made of both one DNA molecule wound around small protein molecules whereas DNA is just one large molecule called deoxyribose nucleic acid.

What’s a DNA molecule?

DNA is the chemical name for the molecule that carries genetic instructions in all living things. The DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around one another to form a shape known as a double helix. Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups.

How are DNA and proteins related quizlet?

DNA acts as an enzyme to build and modify most proteins.

Which statement best describes the relationship between cells DNA and proteins quizlet?

Which statement best describes the relationship that exists among proteins, DNA, and cells? Cells contain DNA, which controls the production of proteins.