1) Meiosis I divides homologous chromosomes, whereas meiosis II divides sister chromatids. 2) Meiosis I is preceded by DNA replication, whereas meiosis II is not preceded by replication.
How is meiosis 1 and meiosis 2 different?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.
What is the difference between meiosis one and two quizlet?
Meiosis I is a reduction division where only one member of a homologous pair enters each daughter cell which becomes halploid. Meiosis II only splits up sister chromatids.
What is the failure of chromosomes to separate correctly during meiosis 1 or 2 called?
Nondisjunction is the failure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate properly during cell division.
Which of the following is true regarding meiosis I and meiosis II?
Which of the following is true regarding meiosis I and meiosis II? Explanation: Meiosis I involves the separation of homologous chromosomes, while meiosis II involves the separation of sister chromatids. The G2 phase precedes meiosis I or mitosis, but does no precede meiosis II.
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ select the two answers that are correct quizlet?
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ? Select the TWO answers that are correct. ~Meiosis I divides homologous chromosomes, whereas meiosis II divides sister chromatids. ~Meiosis I is preceded by DNA replication, whereas meiosis II is not preceded by replication.
Is meiosis 1 and mitosis the same?
By far the largest difference between meiosis I and mitosis is that mitosis results in genetically identical, diploid somatic cells. Meiosis, in it’s entirety, results in gametes of haploid genetic information, but the genetic information is not identical due to crossing-over events that happened during meiosis I.
What happens during meiosis 1 and meiosis 2 quizlet?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate resulting in a reduction of ploidy. Each daughter cell has only 1 set of chromosomes. Meiosis II, splits the sister chromatids apart. … Meiosis produces our sex cells or gametes? (eggs in females and sperm in males).
What is the main difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 11?
The key difference between meiosis I and meiosis II is that meiosis I is the first cell division of meiosis that produces two haploid cells from a diploid cell while meiosis II is the second cell division that completes the meiosis by producing four haploid cells.
How is meiosis II different from mitosis?
The major difference between meiosis II and mitosis is the ploidy of the starting cell. Meiosis II begins with two haploid cells, which have half the number of chromosomes as somatic cells. … Mitosis begins with a diploid cell. It will divide into two sister cells, both of which are also diploid.
What difference does it make whether nondisjunction occurs during meiosis I or meiosis II?
Nondisjunction only results in gametes with n+1 or n–1 chromosomes. Nondisjunction occurring during meiosis II results in 50 percent normal gametes. Nondisjunction during meiosis I results in 50 percent normal gametes. Nondisjunction always results in four different kinds of gametes.
Which describes the cells at the end of meiosis 1 when nondisjunction occurs during meiosis 2?
One cell with extra homologous chromosomes and one cell missing a homologous chromosome. Which describes the cells at the end of meiosis I when nondisjunction occurs in meiosis II? The homologous pairs are in separate cells. The cells are haploid.
Does Down Syndrome happen in meiosis 1 or 2?
Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities. The majority of full trisomy 21 is caused by chromosomal nondisjunction occurring during maternal meiotic division (∼90%). Errors occur more frequently in the first maternal meiotic division than the second (73% vs.
Which event happens in meiosis II but not in meiosis I?
In meiosis II, these chromosomes are further separated into sister chromatids. Meiosis I includes crossing over or recombination of genetic material between chromosome pairs, while meiosis II does not.
Which step happens in both mitosis and meiosis quizlet?
Both mitosis and meiosis are associated with cytokinesis. The end result of both are daughter cells produced from a parent cell.
Which of the following occur in both mitosis and meiosis?
Which of the following occur in both mitosis and meiosis? Explanation: The separation of sister chromatids is the only item of the answer choices that occurs in both mitosis and meiosis. Prophase II and metaphase II only occur in meiosis, as does recombination between homologous chromosomes.