How do you say the word homozygous?

Break ‘homozygous’ down into sounds: [HOM] + [UH] + [ZY] + [GUHS] – say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them.

What does the word homozygous mean?

(HOH-moh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.

What is the prefix for homozygous?

Homozygous is a Greek-derived word – the prefix homo means same; zygous comes from zugos – a word that implies being joined together. The terms heterozygous and hemizygous tell that two alleles composed of the sequences from two parents are different (hetero) or half (hemi) respectively.

What is homozygote and heterozygote?

Homozygous: You inherit the same version of the gene from each parent, so you have two matching genes. Heterozygous: You inherit a different version of a gene from each parent. They do not match.

What is homozygous example?

If an organism has two copies of the same allele, for example AA or aa, it is homozygous for that trait. If the organism has one copy of two different alleles, for example Aa, it is heterozygous.

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What is homozygous in a sentence?

Homozygote (homozygous) — An individual or genotype with identical alleles at a given locus on a pair of homologous chromosomes. … Altogether, half the offspring will be homozygous at that particular locus. 12. Insect bioassay results showed that these homozygous lines had significant inhibition to brown planthopper.

What is the difference between homozygous and heterozygous?

Heterozygous refers to having inherited different forms of a particular gene from each parent. A heterozygous genotype stands in contrast to a homozygous genotype, where an individual inherits identical forms of a particular gene from each parent.

What is the term heterozygous mean?

(HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).

What is heterozygous and homozygous examples?

Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.

What is the root word of heterozygous?

before vowels heter-, word-forming element meaning “other, different,” from Greek heteros “the other (of two), another, different; second; other than usual.” It is a compound; the first element means “one, at one, together,” from PIE root.

What is homozygous class 10th?

Homozygous is a genetic condition where an individual inherits the same alleles of a gene from both the parents. In homozygous chromosomes, both alleles are either dominant or recessive. The dominant trait is represented by two capital letters (XX) and the recessive trait is represented by two lowercase letters (xx).

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What is heterozygous example?

If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair. The relationship between the two alleles affects which traits are expressed.

What is the function of homozygous?

Homozygous describes the genetic condition or the genetic state where an individual has inherited the same DNA sequence for a particular gene from both their biological mother and their biological father. It’s often used in the context of disease.