Sister chromatids of a chromosome separate and start to travel towards opposite poles during anaphase of mitosis. Sister chromatids become individual chromosome as soon as they separate. Hence answer will be ANAPHASE .
In which phase of mitosis do chromosomes form?
The phases of mitosis can be described as follows: During prophase chromatin condenses to form discrete chromosomes. During metaphase microtubules attach to the kinetochores and chromatids begin segregating. During anaphase sister chromatids have been separated and reside at opposite poles of the cell.
Do the chromatids become chromosomes?
Before replication, one chromosome is composed of one DNA molecule. In replication, the DNA molecule is copied, and the two molecules are known as chromatids. During the later stages of cell division these chromatids separate longitudinally to become individual chromosomes.
What happens in the 4 stages of mitosis?
1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …
What happens during metaphase stage?
Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle where all the genetic material is condensing into chromosomes. These chromosomes then become visible. During this stage, the nucleus disappears and the chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell.
What happens to chromosomes during mitosis?
As mitosis progresses, the microtubules attach to the chromosomes, which have already duplicated their DNA and aligned across the center of the cell. The spindle tubules then shorten and move toward the poles of the cell. As they move, they pull the one copy of each chromosome with them to opposite poles of the cell.
What are the 5 stages of mitosis and what is occurring at each?
Mitosis has five different stages: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. The process of cell division is only complete after cytokinesis, which takes place during anaphase and telophase. Each stage of mitosis is necessary for cell replication and division.
What happens to chromosomes in each stage of mitosis?
Mitosis: In Summary
In prophase, the nucleolus disappears and chromosomes condense and become visible. … In anaphase, sister chromatids (now called chromosomes) are pulled toward opposite poles. In telophase, chromosomes arrive at opposite poles, and nuclear envelope material surrounds each set of chromosomes.
How chromosomes line up during metaphase in mitosis and meiosis?
In metaphase II of meiosis, and metaphase of mitosis, chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate due to the action of microtubule spindle fibres emanating from the centrosomes located at opposite cell poles. These fibres are attached to the chromosomes by kinetochores at the centromeres of the chromosomes.
What is the g2 phase of interphase?
G2 phase is a period of rapid cell growth and protein synthesis during which the cell prepares itself for mitosis. Curiously, G2 phase is not a necessary part of the cell cycle, as some cell types (particularly young Xenopus embryos and some cancers) proceed directly from DNA replication to mitosis.
What is S phase in cell cycle?
S phase is the period of wholesale DNA synthesis during which the cell replicates its genetic content; a normal diploid somatic cell with a 2N complement of DNA at the beginning of S phase acquires a 4N complement of DNA at its end.