Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.
How does Down syndrome affect cognitive development?
Furthermore, people with Down syndrome experience a general delay in cognitive development. Difficulties in this area are most pronounced in attention, memory, and executive function.
Are people with Down syndrome cognitively impaired?
Cognitive impairment—which means problems with thinking and learning—is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate.
What are some characteristics of someone with Down syndrome?
Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:
- A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
- Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
- A short neck.
- Small ears.
- A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
- Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
- Small hands and feet.
What are 3 characteristics of Down syndrome?
A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm – although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.
How does Down syndrome affect the brain?
We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.
Which aspects of cognition are affected in Down syndrome and how is cognition impacted by Ageing?
People with Down syndrome often experience a gradual decline in thinking ability (cognition) as they age, usually starting around age 50. Down syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease, a brain disorder that results in a gradual loss of memory, judgment, and ability to function.
What is cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
The cognitive phenotype in Down’s syndrome is characterised by impairments in morphosyntax, verbal short-term memory, and explicit long-term memory. However, visuospatial short-term memory, associative learning, and implicit long-term memory functions are preserved.
How does Down syndrome affect a person intellectually?
Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.
Did you know facts about Down syndrome?
One in every 691 babies in the U.S. is born with Down syndrome, making it the most common chromosomal condition. There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the U.S. In 1983, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome was a mere 25-years-old. Today, it’s 60.
What are the physical characteristics of students with Down syndrome?
Flattened facial profile and nose. Small head, ears, and mouth. Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye. White spots on the colored part of the eye (called Brushfield spots)
What are the behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome?
Common learning and behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome include:
- Delays in speech and language development.
- Attention problems.
- Sleep difficulties.
- Stubbornness and tantrums.
- Delays in cognition.
- Delayed toilet training.
Why do Down syndrome have slanted eyes?
The fold runs from nose to the inner side of the eyebrow…. Abnormal slanting of the eye may occur with some genetic disorders and syndromes. The most common of these is Down syndrome. People with Down syndrome often also have an epicanthal fold in the inner corner of the eye.
Can a man with Down syndrome have a baby?
Men with Down syndrome are considered as infertile although the causes of infertility are not known in detail yet. Although this constitutes a general rule there are three confirmed cases of parenting by fathers with Down syndrome.
Is Down syndrome dominant or recessive?
Like cystic fibrosis, Down’s Syndrome is autosomal recessive. This means that the condition is genetic and passed down by the mother and/or the father but the condition is not shown in the parents. An autosomal recessive disorder requires two copies of the abnormal gene for the disease or trait to develop.