In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.
What is the main difference between meiosis II and mitosis?
The major difference between meiosis II and mitosis is the ploidy of the starting cell. Meiosis II begins with two haploid cells, which have half the number of chromosomes as somatic cells. This is because they will develop into gametes. Mitosis begins with a diploid cell.
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ quizlet?
1) Meiosis I divides homologous chromosomes, whereas meiosis II divides sister chromatids. 2) Meiosis I is preceded by DNA replication, whereas meiosis II is not preceded by replication.
What is the difference between meiosis I and mitosis then meiosis II and mitosis?
Homologous pairs of cells are present in meiosis I and separate into chromosomes before meiosis II. In meiosis II, these chromosomes are further separated into sister chromatids. Meiosis I includes crossing over or recombination of genetic material between chromosome pairs, while meiosis II does not.
What are the differences between meiosis and mitosis?
Mitosis produces two diploid (2n) somatic cells that are genetically identical to each other and the original parent cell, whereas meiosis produces four haploid (n) gametes that are genetically unique from each other and the original parent (germ) cell.
What happens in meiosis 1 and meiosis 2 quizlet?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate resulting in a reduction of ploidy. Each daughter cell has only 1 set of chromosomes. Meiosis II, splits the sister chromatids apart. … Meiosis produces our sex cells or gametes? (eggs in females and sperm in males).
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ select the two answers that are correct quizlet?
How do meiosis I and meiosis II differ? Select the TWO answers that are correct. ~Meiosis I divides homologous chromosomes, whereas meiosis II divides sister chromatids. ~Meiosis I is preceded by DNA replication, whereas meiosis II is not preceded by replication.
What is the difference between anaphase I and anaphase II?
Anaphase 1 and anaphase 2 are two phases in the meiotic division of cells which produces gametes during the sexual reproduction. The main difference between anaphase 1 and 2 is that homologous chromosomes are separated during anaphase 1 whereas sister chromatids are separated during anaphase 2.
Which statement correctly describes the difference between meiosis I and meiosis II?
Which statement correctly describes the difference between meiosis I andmeiosis II? Meiosis I separates tetrads, and meiosis II separates sister chromatids.
What are the differences between meiosis and mitosis How do these differences support the purpose of each?
The purpose of mitosis is cell regeneration, growth, and asexual reproduction,while the purpose of meiosis is the production of gametes for sexual reproduction. Mitosis is a single nuclear division that results in two nuclei that are usually partitioned into two new daughter cells.
What are the 3 main differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis consists of one stage whereas meiosis consists of two stages. Mitosis produces diploid cells (46 chromosomes) whereas meiosis produces haploid cells (23 chromosomes). Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells whereas meiosis produces four genetically different daughter cells.
In what ways is meiosis II similar to and different from mitosis of a diploid cell?
The mechanics of meiosis II are similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes, each with two chromatids. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
What is one difference between mitosis and meiosis during anaphase?
In anaphase 1 in meiosis, homologous pairs are separated but sister chromatids stay joined together. In anaphase 1 of mitosis the sister chromatids do separate.