Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, the germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg).
In which cells of the body does meiosis occur?
Meiosis occurs in the sex cells, so the sperm and egg cells in the human body, to create even more of themselves.
Which cells in the body undergo mitosis?
Three types of cells in the body undergo mitosis. They are somatic cells, adult stem cells, and the cells in the embryo.
What type of cells undergo meiosis and mitosis?
1) Somatic cells undergo mitosis whereas gamete cells undergo meiosis. Mitosis takes place throughout the lifetime of an organism.
Do human cells undergo mitosis?
There are two ways cell division can happen in humans and most other animals, called mitosis and meiosis. When a cell divides by way of mitosis, it produces two clones of itself, each with the same number of chromosomes.
Do bacterial cells undergo mitosis?
In bacterial cells, the genome consists of a single, circular DNA chromosome; therefore, the process of cell division is simplified. Mitosis is unnecessary because there is no nucleus or multiple chromosomes. This type of cell division is called binary fission.
Do somatic cells undergo meiosis?
Somatic cells do not undergo meiosis, but do undergo mitosis.
Can a cell undergo both mitosis and meiosis?
Both haploid and diploid cells can undergo mitosis. … During meiosis, a diploid germ cell undergoes two cell divisions to produce four haploid gamete cells (e.g., egg or sperm cells), which are genetically distinct from the original parent cell and contain half as many chromosomes.
Do humans undergo mitosis or meiosis?
Although nearly all the different types of cells in your body can undergo mitosis, meiosis in human beings occurs only in cells that will become either eggs or sperm. So, in humans, mitosis is for growth and maintenance, while meiosis is for sexual reproduction.
Do nerve cells undergo mitosis?
The Changing Times of Neurons
Unlike other body cells, neurons don’t undergo mitosis (cell splitting). Instead, neural stem cells can generate new specialized neurons by differentiating into neuroblasts that, upon migration to a specific area, can turn into a neuron.
Do red blood cells undergo mitosis?
Skin cells, red blood cells or gut lining cells cannot undergo mitosis. Stem cells do divide by mitosis and this makes them very important for replacing lost or damaged specialized cells. What is a stem cell?