What characteristics are associated with Down syndrome?

What is associated with Down syndrome?

Having Down syndrome also increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Other problems. Down syndrome may also be associated with other health conditions, including endocrine problems, dental problems, seizures, ear infections, and hearing and vision problems.

What are the characteristic symptoms of Down syndrome?

Small head, ears, and mouth. Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye. White spots on the colored part of the eye (called Brushfield spots) Wide, short hands with short fingers.

What are the social characteristics of Down syndrome?

Many children and adults with Down syndrome have a wonderful disposition: they are fun loving and their interactions generally involve teasing, making jokes, giggly outbursts that often may also lead to intrusive, uninhibited social behaviors.

What are 5 facts about Down syndrome?

13 Facts About Down Syndrome That Parents Should Know

  • Down syndrome is named after John Langdon Down. …
  • Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome. …
  • Experts don’t fully understand why it occurs. …
  • Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal condition. …
  • There are three types of Down syndrome.
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Which physical characteristic is most indicative of an individual with Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is usually identified at birth by the presence of certain physical traits: low muscle tone, a single deep crease across the palm of the hand, a slightly flattened facial profile and an upward slant to the eyes.

What chromosome is Down syndrome?

Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. A medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is ‘trisomy. ‘ Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21.

Did you know facts about Down syndrome?

One in every 691 babies in the U.S. is born with Down syndrome, making it the most common chromosomal condition. There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the U.S. In 1983, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome was a mere 25-years-old. Today, it’s 60.

What are the characteristics of Williams syndrome?

Newborns with Williams syndrome have characteristic “elfin-like” facial features including an unusually small head (microcephaly), full cheeks, an abnormally broad forehead, puffiness around the eyes and lips, a depressed nasal bridge, broad nose, and/or an unusually wide and prominent open mouth.

Is Down syndrome obvious at birth?

Down syndrome is usually quite evident as soon as a baby with the disorder is born, as many of its distinctive physical characteristics are present at birth.

What is one of the major physical characteristics of the child with Down syndrome?

Kids with Down syndrome tend to share physical features such as a flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears, and a tongue that sticks out.

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What are 4 common congenital anomalies of a child with Down syndrome?

Fourteen (2%) of the cases with DS had an obstructive anomaly of the renal pelvis, including hydronephrosis. The other most common anomalies associated with cases with DS were syndactyly, club foot, polydactyly, limb reduction, cataract, hydrocephaly, cleft palate, hypospadias and diaphragmatic hernia.

What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.