The first and longest phase of mitosis is prophase (Figure below). During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope, or membrane, breaks down. In animal cells, the centrioles near the nucleus begin to separate and move to opposite poles (sides) of the cell.
What happens in the prophase stage of mitosis?
Prophase is the first phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses.
What events occur during prophase?
During prophase, the chromosomes condense and centrosomes move to opposite sides of the nucleus, initiating formation of the mitotic spindle. Breakdown of the nuclear envelope then allows spindle microtubules to attach (more…)
Which of the following occur during prophase prometaphase of mitosis in animal cells?
The correct answer is d.)
The replication of chromosomes occurs in interphase of mitotic division. The 2N chromosomes change into 4N chromosomes to indicate that the cell is ready for division. Prometaphase is the late stage of prophase and early stage of interphase. All other options are applicable to prometaphase.
What events occur during prophase quizlet?
Which events occur during prophase? The nuclear envelope breaks down. Chromosomes condense and are attached to spindle fibers. You just studied 30 terms!
Which activities occur during prophase II?
During prophase II of meiosis II, four important steps occur. These are the condensing of chromatin into chromosomes, disintegration of the nuclear envelope, migration of centrosomes to either pole, and the reconstruction of the spindle apparatus. However, centrosomes are not present in all cells.
What two processes happen during mitosis?
This process involves replication of the cell’s chromosomes, segregation of the copied DNA, and splitting of the parent cell’s cytoplasm.
What happens during prophase metaphase anaphase and telophase?
1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …
What happens during metaphase stage?
Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle where all the genetic material is condensing into chromosomes. These chromosomes then become visible. During this stage, the nucleus disappears and the chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell.
What happens early prophase?
Early prophase. The mitotic spindle starts to form, the chromosomes start to condense, and the nucleolus disappears. In early prophase, the cell starts to break down some structures and build others up, setting the stage for division of the chromosomes. … The mitotic spindle begins to form.
What are the 5 stages of mitosis and what is occurring at each?
Mitosis has five different stages: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. The process of cell division is only complete after cytokinesis, which takes place during anaphase and telophase. Each stage of mitosis is necessary for cell replication and division.
Which are steps of mitosis select 4 options prophase metaphase Interphase anaphase telophase?
The four stages of mitosis are known as prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. Additionally, we’ll mention three other intermediary stages (interphase, prometaphase, and cytokinesis) that play a role in mitosis. During the four phases of mitosis, nuclear division occurs in order for one cell to split into two.