What happens if a chromosome is translocated?

Translocations. A translocation occurs when a piece of one chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome. This type of rearrangement is described as balanced if no genetic material is gained or lost in the cell. If there is a gain or loss of genetic material, the translocation is described as unbalanced .

How does translocation affect the chromosome?

Translocations generate novel chromosomes. In a translocation, a segment from one chromosome is transferred to a nonhomologous chromosome or to a new site on the same chromosome. Translocations place genes in new linkage relationships and generate chromosomes without normal pairing partners.

What is the effect of translocation mutation?

Such translocations are usually harmless and may be found through prenatal diagnosis. However, carriers of balanced reciprocal translocations have increased risks of creating gametes with unbalanced chromosome translocations, leading to Infertility, miscarriages or children with abnormalities.

What will happen to a person of translocation occurs?

chromosomal disorder

…be transferred to another (translocation), which has no effect on the person in which it occurs but generally causes a deletion or duplication syndrome in his or her children. Changes in chromosome number occur during sperm or egg formation or in the early development of the embryo.

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What is significance of translocation?

It is an important process in plants because the source of production i.e., the location of photosynthesis is not the same as the site at which nutrients are stored; as a result it is essential that the nutrients be moved throughout the plant via translocation otherwise the food produced in the leaves will not be able …

What would happen if mitosis went wrong?

Mistakes during mitosis lead to the production of daughter cells with too many or too few chromosomes, a feature known as aneuploidy. Nearly all aneuploidies that arise due to mistakes in meiosis or during early embryonic development are lethal, with the notable exception of trisomy 21 in humans.

When does chromosome translocation occur?

Translocations occur when chromosomes become broken during meiosis and the resulting fragment becomes joined to another chromosome. Reciprocal translocations: In a balanced reciprocal translocation (Fig. 2.3), genetic material is exchanged between two chromosomes with no apparent loss.

What is translocation chromosomal mutation?

​Translocation

Translocation is a type of chromosomal abnormality in which a chromosome breaks and a portion of it reattaches to a different chromosome. Chromosomal translocations can be detected by analyzing karyotypes of the affected cells.

How does translocation Down syndrome occur?

Translocation Down syndrome happens when an extra copy of chromosome 21 is attached to another chromosome. This is then present in all cells of the body. Chromosomes contain all of the genetic information that tells our body how to grow and function.

What are the possible reasons behind translocations?

Translocation Down syndrome is a type of Down syndrome that is caused when one chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome. In this case, there are three 21 chromosomes but one of the 21 chromosomes is attached to another chromosome.

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Are translocations inherited?

A translocation is either inherited from a parent or happens around the time of conception. A translocation cannot be corrected – it is present for life. A translocation is not something that can be ‘caught’ from other people. Therefore a translocation carrier can still be a blood donor, for example.

What is a translocation in geography?

Translocation describes the movement of materials upward or downward within the soil. Fine particles—particularly clays and colloids—are translocated downward, a process called eluviation. This leaves grains of sand or coarse silt to remain, forming the E horizon.

How translocation affect plants yield?

Because translocation is responsible for the delivery of nutrients to developing seeds and fruits, this process is critical to the achievement of optimal crop yield. It also accounts for the ultimate nutritional composition of plant foods important to humans.

Why does translocation occur in plants?

Photosynthesis produces glucose in the green parts of plants, which are often leaves. … It needs to be able to reach all cells in the plant so that the sucrose can be converted back into glucose for respiration. The movement of sucrose and other substances like amino acids around a plant is called translocation .