In addition, both mitosis and meiosis involve the separation of sister chromatids and the formation of daughter chromosomes. This event occurs in anaphase of mitosis and anaphase II of meiosis. Finally, both processes end with the division of the cytoplasm that produces individual cells.
What occurs in both mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis and meiosis both involve duplication of a cell’s DNA content. Each strand of DNA, or chromosome, is replicated and remains joined, resulting in two sister chromatids for each chromosome. A common goal of mitosis and meiosis is to split the nucleus and its DNA content between two daughter cells.
How is meiosis 2 and mitosis similar?
The mechanics of meiosis II is similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
What are 4 similarities between mitosis and meiosis?
The similarities between mitosis and meiosis are as follows:
- Mitosis and meiosis take place in the cell nuclei.
- Both involve cell division.
- Both the processes occur in the M-phase of the cell cycle.
- In both cycles, the stages are common – metaphase, anaphase, telophase and prophase.
- Synthesis of DNA occurs in both.
Which of the following is true about both mitosis and meiosis?
In both mitosis and meiosis the replication of DNA and chromosomes occurs at the same stage.
How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different?
Mitosis produces two cells from one parent using one division event. But meiosis produces four new child cells with two divisions, each of which has half the genetic material of its parent. Mitosis takes place all over the body, while meiosis only takes place in the sex organs and produces sex cells.
What are the major differences between mitosis and meiosis 1 and 2?
Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. The division of a cell occurs once in mitosis but twice in meiosis. Two daughter cells are produced after mitosis and cytoplasmic division, while four daughter cells are produced after meiosis.
Which of the following processes occurs during meiosis and not mitosis?
The daughter cells produced by mitosis are identical, whereas the daughter cells produced by meiosis are different because crossing over has occurred. The events that occur in meiosis but not mitosis include homologous chromosomes pairing up, crossing over, and lining up along the metaphase plate in tetrads.
Do both mitosis and meiosis require DNA replication?
Yes, DNA replicates in both mitosis and meiosis. In meiosis, the cell undergoes two divisions, i.e. meiosis I and II. Meiosis I is reduction division and meiosis II is similar to mitosis but DNA replicates only once during meiosis, i.e. before meiosis I in S phase.
Which statement best describes the outcomes of both meiosis and mitosis?
Which statement best describes the outcomes of both meiosis and mitosis? Cell division results in daughter cells that contain DNA. Each daughter cell has two complete sets of chromosomes. Within a cell, two chromosomes pair up and exchange segments of genetic material.
Which phases of mitosis and meiosis are similar?
Meiosis and mitosis both have a prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis.