In genetics, a locus (plural loci) is a specific, fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene or genetic marker is located.
What word is used to describe the exact position of a gene on a chromosome see 11.1 page 175?
What word is used to describe the exact position of a gene on a chromosome? Locus. The locus of a gene is its exact position on the chromosome.
Which term describes the position of a gene on a chromosome?
Locus. = A locus is the specific physical location of a gene or other DNA sequence on a chromosome, like a genetic street address. The plural of locus is “loci”.
Which term best describes a specific location or position of a gene on a chromosome?
A gene’s molecular address pinpoints the location of that gene in terms of nucleotides. It describes the gene’s precise position on a chromosome and indicates the size of the gene.
What name is given to the exact position of a gene on a chromosome answer with one word?
What name is given to the exact position of a gene on a chromosome? (Answer with one word.) Explanation: The exact position or location of a gene on a particular chromosome is referred to as the locus (plural: loci).
Which statement would be accurate in describing the DNA of a prokaryotic organism?
Which statement below would be accurate in describing the DNA of a prokaryotic organism? The DNA of a prokaryotic cell is contained in a single, circular chromosome about a millimeter in circumference.
What do you mean by genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering is the process of using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology to alter the genetic makeup of an organism. … Genetic engineering involves the direct manipulation of one or more genes. Most often, a gene from another species is added to an organism’s genome to give it a desired phenotype.
What is the term often used to describe the rest of our DNA?
genome. – A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. – Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism.
How do you name genes?
Fish: In contrast to the general rule, full gene names are italicized (e.g., brass). Gene symbols are also italicized, with all letters in lower-case (e.g., brs). Protein symbols are not italicized, and the first letter is upper-case (e.g., Brs).
How do you name a chromosome band?
Each chromosome arm is divided into regions, or cytogenetic bands, that can be seen using a microscope and special stains. The cytogenetic bands are labeled p1, p2, p3, q1, q2, q3, etc., counting from the centromere out toward the telomeres. At higher resolutions, sub-bands can be seen within the bands.
Where are genes located in Brainly?
Genes are consist in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus. A chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes.
Where is the location of genes in the chromosomes?
Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes. Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus.
Which term is used to define the complete set of proteins encoded by a genome quizlet?
a; proteome. the term proteome is a relatively new term, created to define the complete set of proteins encoded by a genome.
What is the term heterozygous mean?
(HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
How is genotype expressed?
The genotype is expressed when the information encoded in the genes’ DNA is used to make protein and RNA molecules. The expression of the genotype contributes to the individual’s observable traits, called the phenotype.
What are the differences between genotypes and phenotypes?
The genotype is a set of genes in the DNA which are responsible for the unique trait or characteristics. Whereas the phenotype is the physical appearance or characteristic of the organism. Thus, we can find the human genetic code with the help of their genotype.