Savant syndrome is a rare condition in which persons with various developmental disorders, including autistic disorder, have an amazing ability and talent. The condition can be congenital (genetic or inborn), or can be acquired later in childhood, or even in adults.
What is the difference between autism and savant syndrome?
There are many autistic people with ordinary talents—but savant syndrome is rare and extreme. In other words, a person with autism who is able to calculate well, play an instrument, or otherwise present himself as highly capable is not by definition a savant.
What makes an autistic person a savant?
People with savant syndrome are characterised by their remarkable talent in one or more domains (e.g. music, memory) but also by the presence of some form of developmental condition such as autism spectrum conditions (henceforth autism) .
What are the six skills that are characteristic of a savant?
Savant abilities and/or splinter skills, may be exhibited in the following skill areas or domains: memory; hyperlexia (the exceptional ability to read, spell and write); art; music; mechanical or spatial skill; calendar calculation; mathematical calculation; sensory sensitivity; athletic performance; and computer …
What is the IQ of a savant?
Miller (1999), in a review of studies providing more detailed IQ information, reported that the mean overall IQ/IQ estimate for the savants with autism was 71 (range 40–99), mean verbal IQ 77 (range 52–114) and mean non-verbal IQ 75 (range 47–92).
What does savants mean in English?
Definition of savant
1 : a person of learning especially : one with detailed knowledge in some specialized field (as of science or literature)
Are savants intelligent?
It is concluded that savant skills are not intelligent and that Gardner’s (1983) theory of multiple intelligences fails by overstating the relevance of savant skills and because it disregards clear psychometric evidence for a general factor.
Can savant syndrome be cured?
Savant syndrome is not known to have any drawbacks, so it does not have to be treated itself.
How common is savant in autism?
How common is savant syndrome? Approximately one in 10 persons with autistic disorder has some savant skills. In other forms of development disability, mental retardation or brain injury, savant skills occur in less than 1% of such persons.
Can Autism Be Cured?
No cure exists for autism spectrum disorder, and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment. The goal of treatment is to maximize your child’s ability to function by reducing autism spectrum disorder symptoms and supporting development and learning.
What could Kim Peek do?
One reason Kim was able to provide so much detail and depth from his voluminous memory was that he could speed-read anything put in front of him. … He became known for going through the better part of the entire catalog of books in the Salt Lake City Library reading everything he could get his hands on.
What is autism caused by?
There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children.
How do you get savant syndrome?
In acquired savant syndrome astonishing new abilities, typically in music, art or mathematics, appear unexpectedly in ordinary persons after a head injury, stroke or other central nervous system (CNS) incident where no such abilities or interests were present pre-incident.
Who has highest IQ in world?
Evangelos Katsioulis: IQ 198
With a score of 198, Evangelos Katsioulis, MD, MSc, MA, PhD, has the highest tested IQ in the world, according to the World Genius Directory.
Who is the smartest person alive 2020?
30 Smartest People Alive Today
- Mislav Predavec.
- Kim Ung-Yong. …
- Neil deGrasse Tyson. …
- John H. …
- Marilyn vos Savant. …
- Judit Polgár. …
- Christopher Langan. Born in San Francisco in 1952, self-educated Christopher Langan is a special kind of genius. …
- Paul Allen. Billionaire Paul Allen reportedly has an IQ of between 160 and 170. …