The long-term outlook ( prognosis ) for people with Turner syndrome is typically good. Life expectancy is slightly shorter than average but may be improved by addressing and treating associated chronic illnesses, such as obesity and hypertension .
What is the life expectancy of Turner syndrome?
TS is associated with a 3-fold increase in overall mortality and a life expectancy that is reduced by up to 13 yr (8, 9). Even after exclusion of deaths from congenital heart disease, the mortality rates remain excessive, particularly in women with 45,X monosomy.
Is Turner syndrome survivable?
TS is a random disorder caused by not having the typical pair of X chromosomes. TS cannot be prevented nor is there a cure. TS is found in every 1 in 2,000 living females. When survivable, TS is a treatable and manageable condition.
Can a baby survive with Turner syndrome?
(Because a Y chromosome is needed for a person to be male, all babies with Turner syndrome are girls.) Though girls born with Turner syndrome usually have good odds for a normal life, the majority of babies with the condition are lost to miscarriage or stillbirth.
Can this disorder be cured Turner syndrome?
There is no cure for Turner syndrome, but therapies have been developed that can improve physical development. With proper medical care, females with Turner syndrome should be able to lead full, productive lives. The primary therapies for affected individuals are growth hormone therapy and estrogen therapy.
What are the long term effects of Turner syndrome?
There may be a risk for late-onset abnormalities, such as testicular problems leading to infertility or cancer , and short stature, which could be improved with growth hormone therapy. Classic Turner syndrome features seem to be the most common features.
Why does Turner syndrome only affect females?
The condition only occurs in females. Most commonly, a female with Turner syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Others may have 2 X chromosomes, but one of them is incomplete. Sometimes, a female has some cells with 2 X chromosomes, but other cells have only 1.
Is Turner syndrome high risk pregnancy?
In one study, as many as 40% of women with Turner syndrome got pregnant using donated eggs. However, pregnant women with Turner syndrome are at increased risk for high blood pressure during pregnancy, which can result in complications, including preterm birth and fetal growth restriction.
What are the odds of having a baby with Turner syndrome?
While Turner syndrome is not common (about 1 in 2500 live female births), approximately 1 to 2% of all embryos have Turner syndrome – but 99% of these miscarry, usually during the first trimester.
Can Turner syndrome be detected before birth?
Turner syndrome may be suspected by prenatal cell-free DNA screening or certain features may be detected on prenatal ultrasound screening. Prenatal diagnostic testing can confirm the diagnosis.
Should you abort a baby with Turner syndrome?
Nine studies (47.4%)8,9,10,18,20,23,27,28,29 indicated that parents with a Turner syndrome-affected fetus would be more likely to terminate the pregnancy, with an average termination rate of 76% (range: 33–100%).
Can Turner syndrome be misdiagnosed?
The discrepancies between the blood and skin karyotypes found in our patients mean that previous cases of Turner’s syndrome have been undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. We suggest that in some cases of Turner’s syndrome the abnormal cell lines die out in the bone marrow, thereby leaving the 46, XX cell line.
Can Turner syndrome be inherited?
Most cases of Turner syndrome are not inherited. When this condition results from monosomy X , the chromosomal abnormality occurs as a random event during the formation of reproductive cells (eggs and sperm) in the affected person’s parent.
How accurate is amniocentesis for Turner syndrome?
Certain features of Turner syndrome limit the accuracy of the test and have to be announced with the patient or the couple before testing. The DR is 95,8% for an FPR of 0,14 %,13 but the the positive predictive value (PPV) is as low as 9 % in some studies14 and much lower as, for example, for Down syndrome.
What is the recurrence risk of Turner syndrome?
Results: Recurrence of TS was observed in 1.4% of our case series, which represents a 35-fold increased probability of having a second child with TS compared to no recurrence.
Are there support groups for Turner syndrome?
California. We are the Central and Northern California Turner Syndrome Resource Group, and are an affiliated resource group of the Turner Syndrome Society of the United States. Our focus is to provide basic support to all of the girls, women, and their families who have been touched by Turner Syndrome.